Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) is a group of conditions that cause pain and poor functioning of the jaw joint (Temporomandibular joint- TMJ) where the muscles are responsible for jaw movement. Whilst this is unpleasant, with proper care and over time, the pain usually subsides.
Severe TMD can be debilitating and make simple tasks such as talking and eating very painful. In addition to the pain, anyone suffering from severe TMD will not be able to open their mouth normally, making usual tasks like eating and chewing impossible.
Injury to the jaw, or muscles of the head and neck, such as a heavy blow or a bad fall may cause TMJ. It can also be a result of the pressure from grinding of the teeth and clenching of the jaws. People with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis can also develop TMJ as a secondary condition.
TMJ Signs And Symptoms
Diagnosis is critical before any treatment, more importantly because other conditions including toothaches, sinusitis or gum diseases, can cause similar symptoms to TMJ.
We will examine your history and will conduct thorough clinical tests to determine the cause of your symptoms. Your dentist may also take X-Rays, MRI and CT Scans may be required to see how your upper and lower teeth fit and function together.